Medical male circumcision (MMC) is the surgical removal of the foreskin of the penis, by a trained healthcare professional or doctor. It is a voluntary process and the procedure is available free of charge by certain doctors and nurses in the programme.

  • Males aged 10 and up
  • Clients in general good health
  • Clients with controlled diabetes and blood pressure
  • Clients who are HIV positive with a CD4 count above 200
  • Men who would like to take responsibility for the health and well-being of them and their families.

Benefits to men:

  • MMC reduces the risk of contracting HIV by 60%.
  • MMC reduces the risk of ulcerative sexually-transmitted infections (e.g. herpes simplex, syphilis etc).
  • MMC makes the penis easier to clean, enhancing overall hygiene of the penis.
  • MMC is linked to a reduction in prostate cancer and penile cancer.
  • MMC treats phimosis (when the foreskin does not retract) and paraphimosis.
  • MMC prevents balanitis (inflammation of the glans and foreskin).

Benefits to women, whose partners circumcise

  • MMC reduces their risk of exposure to HIV.
  • MMC reduces the risk of developing cervical cancer (HPV), contracting genital ulcer disease and vaginal infections (bacterial vaginosis and trichomoniasis infection).

In both men and women

  • One HIV infection could be averted for every five MMCs performed.
  • MMC reduces the risk of human papillomavirus (HPV), which is linked to 100% of cervical cancers, 90% of anal cancers, and 40% of cancers of the penis, vulva, and vagina.
  • MMC reduces urinary tract infections (UTIs).
  • MMC reduces STIs such as herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), genital ulcer disease and syphilis.
  • MMC can potentially halve the risk of prostate cancer.

Uncircumcised men who are exposed to HIV are more likely to become infected, because the foreskin makes them more vulnerable to contracting HIV.  Removing the foreskin through MMC reduces the likelihood of HIV infection. The foreskin is more susceptible to HIV compared to other tissue. It has a greater susceptibility to tears and abrasions during sex, creating tiny microscopic holes for the entry of infections, including HIV. The inner surface of the foreskin is also moist, soft and has a high concentration of target cells for HIV infection. The moisture also helps HIV to survive.

MMC is a low-risk procedure and adverse events are rare. Potential risks are minimised by:

  • Only trained medical professionals carrying out MMC in sterile environments.
  • Counselling and education at time of procedure about wound care (keeping the penis upright, washing regularly with salt water and changing of dressings).
  • Sexual abstinence during the wound healing period.

Clients do not experience pain in the same way. A local anaesthetic (injection) is given at the beginning of the surgical procedure.  This prevents you from feeling pain during the procedure and it makes you numb.  After the circumcision, men report minor discomfort in the first few days but this is easily managed with over-the-counter pain relief.

With surgery
This is a simple and quick procedure that only requires local anaesthesia (an injection). It takes 6 weeks for full recovery.

Without surgery
No injections. No surgery. No stitches. No sterile settings. Minimal pain.

PrePex is a new device used for MMC. It is like an elastic band that cuts off the blood supply to the foreskin. This causes the foreskin to slowly darken and dry up over the next few days. The procedure to fit the PrePex is quick and easy and takes a healthcare professional 5 minutes to place the device around the penis. Some men prefer PrePex because there are no injections or stitches, and they don’t have to take any days off work to recover. The patient has to return to the clinic after 7 days so that a healthcare professional can remove the device and the foreskin. Prepex is an alternative for men who do not want to have a surgical MMC, and it is more convenient for men with full-time jobs. Patients must abstain from sex while the device is attached, and for 6 weeks after it is removed. This helps avoid complications

Many men report sexual satisfaction and normal sexual function after circumcision. Women have reported normal or increased sexual satisfaction with a circumcised partner.

It is extremely important to use a condom every time.

Because of the benefits of MMC, some men and women make the mistake of thinking that circumcision is 100% protective against HIV and STIs, so they engage in risky behaviour, which increases their risk of contracting HIV. Always use a condom.

Adapted from

Why Choose Us?

We are the leaders in MMC service delivery in South Africa and Swaziland.

Our staff is highly experienced, skilled and professional.

We have performed over 600 000 MMCs.

We offer training to doctors and nurses to perform MMC.

We always strive for excellence.

We offer technical assistance to other organisations working in the MMC field.

We are committed to reducing the spread of HIV.

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Yuki Doubles his Defence

See the journey of international soccer player Dennis Yuki Masina, as he becomes a health ambassador for medical male circumcision (MMC) for the Swaziland Ministry of Health and CHAPS.
Medical Male circumcision can reduce your risk of getting HIV by 60%.

Take responsibility for your health.